As with any breed, Dachshunds have their particular needs, traits and quirks. Those looking into owning a Dachshund should be fully aware of these before making contact with a breeder, as there are
some really important factors to bear in mind.
It is a very common misconception that all Dachshunds have wonderful temperaments - this is simply not the case. In fact, quite often, the opposite is true and many
factors play a role in how a Dachshunds temperament will develop and ultimately turn out to be
- Dachshunds were originally bred to bark and 'react', to alert their owners (hunters) to prey and for their bark to be heard from underground. When fully grown they can be reactive
towards other dogs and people they don't take a shine to, some Dachshunds much more so than others. A family member getting up from the sofa or running down stairs can create a reaction (a
chorus of barking) in a particularly reactive Dachshund and extensive socialisation as a puppy is key. However, no amount of socialisation will stop them from barking and being reactive if it's
within their nature or they are predisposed to do so. Each pup is different and if they are going to become vocal, it usually begins quite early on.
You cannot out-train or remove a breed trait
A lot of a dogs temperament is hereditary, so purchasing a puppy from a Dam (Mother) with a steady temperament is absolutely imperative. It is therefore useful, when possible, to see the proposed Dam
long before she comes into season and is mated. However, in equal measure, a pups temperament is down to 'nurture', specifically between 0-16 weeks of age.
As a puppy is with its breeder until 8 weeks old, it is extremely important that they are born and raised in an attentive, nurturing environment, as this is how they start to form positive bonds and
associations. They will thrive from having consistent and continuous care from birth. It is then even more important that they are placed in a home that will continue to nurture them, as an
individual and a breed. A good breeder will vet potential owners thoroughly before agreeing to sell them a pup, so that the puppy lives in a home suitable to their needs and will ultimately have the
best temperament possible.
Dachshunds WILL NOT thrive in an unsuitable home and it is up to the breeder to decide which home and circumstances are best for their puppies and who they will
offer a place on their waiting list to.
(As a side note: A Dam can be very different in temperament whilst pregnant or after giving birth, especially when strangers come to visit and handle her puppies. This is down to hormones and they
can be more vocal due to their natural instinct of protecting their offspring. This shouldn't be confused with having a bad temperament. She could be very different once the pups are weaned).
- Miniature Smooth Dachshunds are notoriously hard to toilet train and this can be a very real and big problem. They need to be taken outside every 20-30 minutes initially, moving up in 5
minute increments as the weeks pass, to ultimately being taken/let out every hour as an adult. They are not a breed that will be fully trained by 12 weeks like others you may have heard of or owned -
if you have cracked it by 6 months then you are doing very well! Please do not expect, because you may have experience with dogs, that you will be the one to get on top of this quicker than most
- you won't. It is a case of two steps forward, one step back. The back door may be wide open, the sun may be shining, your pup may have been playing outside for hours, but they will still come in
and wee in the kitchen given half the chance. Do not under estimate how difficult this aspect can be, there are many, many adult Dachshunds not fully house trained and it's very rare for a Dachshund
to ever be 100% on this front.
- Due to the above, and many other reasons, Dachshunds are not the type of breed that can be left alone for extended periods of time, they crave company and can suffer terribly from separtion
anxiety, which can lead to a very nervous, vocal, destructive, unhappy and anti-social dog. Even when you leave them to go to another room can start them off crying when young. Their humans are their
pack, so being without them can have a huge impact.
As puppies, the total length of time they should be alone each day is 2 hours, moving up to a total of 4 hours per day as an adult. This does not mean 2 or 4
hours alone then someone popping in to see them/let them out to toilet then leaving again - its is 2 or 4 hours in total - I cannot stress this enough
Dachshunds absolutely cannot be left at home all day - no exceptions. they also cannot be left at home for half a day on a regular basis without provision being made for
someone to care for them in your absence. They will become incredibly lonely and sad, and it will change their temperament and personality irrevocably. It doesn't matter if you work locally; your
puppy/dog doesn't know where you are when you leave, all they know is that they are alone, regardless of how closeby you may be. It also doesn't matter how many weeks holiday you get each year, your
puppy/dog will still be alone for all the other weeks - a dog doesn't have the mental capacity to understand that you will compensate for your absence at other times during the year.
Knowing this, or after discovering this, some people plan to take their puppy/dog to work with them. Anyone thinking of doing this must seriously consider the type of
job they do and the implications of taking a puppy or dog with them, as quite often, when thought about properly, it is unrealistic. A puppy of any breed won't just sit quietly whilst you work, they
will need lots of attention, they will need to be taken out to the toilet every 30 minutes, they will have accidents in the workplace and they may also be vocal and/or reactive.
Imagine taking a young toddler to work, whilst in the process of toilet training, and taking a puppy would be very much the same.
- Miniature Dachshunds don't like cold, wet or windy weather, they will point blank refuse to take a step outside for the toilet in these conditions unless you go too (and even then it is a
'hit and miss' as to whether they 'relieve' themselves, no matter how long you stand out there).
- Recall can leave something to be desired if they spot or smell something that takes their fancy, regardless of how fantastic they were previously. They are scent hounds and any new scent will
- Up until 9 months of age, Dachshunds should only be walked for 5 minutes per month of age (eg. 3 months = 15 minutes walking per day, 4 months = 20 minutes walking per day). Over walking can
cause deformity of the bones in the legs and lead to future problems.
- However, contrary to popular belief, once fully grown they can walk for miles and miles - they will 'out walk' you! Short legs do not equal short distances and they are very fast and extremely
powerful when on the move.
- Having two Dachshunds is a great idea, but buying two pups at the same time is not. No reputable breeder will sell you two together, for various reasons. Firstly, 'Litter Sibling
Syndrome' can be a real issue, secondly, they can bond with each other and not their family, so if they ever need to be separated, they cannot cope without each other. Lastly, being so difficult to
toilet train, having two can be impossible. If one regresses, so will the other. It's better to buy one puppy, develop a strong bond and get on top of training, then introduce another, even a 6 month
gap can work perfectly well. As a breeder and an experienced Dachshund owner, even I wouldn't attempt keeping two from the same litter/same age.
- IVDD is an extremely common condition (please see seperate page). No breeder can tell you it won't happen to the puppy you buy as there is no definitive health test available. As someone
interested in the breed, please make sure you are fully aware of this disease before starting your Dachshund journey. Any breeder you contact should also be able to answer any questions that you may
have on the subject. If they can't, they don't know the breed well enough and buying a puppy from them will be a huge risk. It is by far the most prevalent, deeply concerning condition within the
breed and is as common as cancer within humans (1 in 4).
- Dachshunds are great with kids as long as they have been used to them from a young age. Our pups are raised with our 4 children which makes a huge difference to their personality and, when they
leave us, they are extremely confident and tend to always love children, even if they don't live with them in their forever home.
- They are also fine with cats, as long as they have been used to them from a young age. They can be introduced at an older age but it will take more time to adjust. Generally it is the cat who is
more 'put out' than the dog!
- Dachshunds are hounds and they do act as such, they aren't lap dogs or handbag dogs. Small does not equal easy, this is certainly true with a Dachshunds - you get a lot of dog for the size!
- Many websites state that Dachshunds are a suitable breed for those who live in flats or apartments, this is only partly true. Yes, they can live in smaller spaces, however, their home must
have direct access to some sort of private outside space and not just a 'small courtyard which is down 5 flights of stairs', or a large park nearby. As
previously mentioned, they are extremely difficult to toilet train, so putting on shoes, jacket, collar and lead, grabbing keys etc to then carry a pup/dog down stairs to a communal courtyard or
across a road to get to a park, every 20-30 minutes initially (hourly as an adult) hail, rain or shine, is not feasible or realistic. Neither is it fair for the pup/dog to have no personal, safe and
enclosed outdoor space where it can roam around freely. Time spent outside in the garden is essential for a pup, for learning and development.